Developing a new type of Fabry-Pérot cavity that allows improved control of the atoms’ emission into the cavity mode will result in enhancement of the efficiency and fidelity of quantum state transfer from photons to atoms and back. This in turn can be used to improve the performance of quantum networks and repeaters, as well as sensors based on atoms inside Fabry-Pérot cavities. In this project we design and fabricate Fabry-Pérot microcavities that trap only one polarization of light. A Fabry-Pérot cavity is an optical resonator formed by two parallel mirrors or reflective surfaces. When the frequency of light matches the spacing between the mirrors, photons can enter through the mirrors and become trapped inside the cavity, which can then be used to enhance their interactions with the medium between the mirrors. Alternatively, when an atom in an excited state is placed inside the cavity, the cavity will encourage the atom to emit light that matches the cavity, which is one of the phenomena on which laser is based. In our work, the microcavity consists of two metasurfaces that act as chiral polarization-selective (dichroic) mirrors and that tightly confine one type of circularly polarized optical field in the free space between them, while remaining transparent to light of the opposite circular polarization. We propose to realize free space Fabry-Pérot cavities by fabricating reflective and focusing metasurfaces on the tips of optical fibres. Finally, this project has the potential to improve the performance and scalability of quantum information platforms that rely on cavity quantum electrodynamics, and possibly trapped ions as well, by realizing optical cavities with smaller mode volumes, compact footprint, and chirality-enhanced light-atom coupling.
Using Interactive Digital Storytelling to Represent Transformative Quantum Technologies in Augmented/Extended Reality Environments
Summary A major roadblock to the broader adoption of quantum technologies is the long learning curve associated with their seemingly abstract concepts. This often renders quantum technologies inaccessible to most audiences, especially through explanations using conventional scientific language. In this project, we develop novel methods of interactive digital storytelling – augmented and extended reality (AR/XR) […]
February 24, 2021
Next Generation Quantum Sensors
We are developing new semiconductor p-n junctions and designing novel nanowire arrays that have the potential to significantly enhance the ability to detect light at the single photon level over an unprecedented wavelength range from the ultraviolet to infrared.
June 1, 2017
Towards large area, resonant quantum tunneling diodes by continuous Langmuir transfer of exfoliated 2D materials
Summary Atomically thin 2D materials constitute promising building blocks for quantum devices due to their exotic, layer-dependent electronic properties. The ability to stack these materials in alternating layers enables heterostructures to be built in almost limitless combinations and over small enough length scales to observe quantum phenomena. So far though, practical implementation of devices based […]
April 1, 2020
Quantum State Tomography with Machine Learning
Summary An important challenge in building a quantum computer is quantifying the level of control obtained in the preparation of a quantum state. The state of a quantum device is characterized from experimental measurements, using a procedure known as tomography. Exact tomography requires a vast amount of computer resources, making it prohibitive for quantum […]
June 6, 2018