Developing a new type of Fabry-Pérot cavity that allows improved control of the atoms’ emission into the cavity mode will result in enhancement of the efficiency and fidelity of quantum state transfer from photons to atoms and back. This in turn can be used to improve the performance of quantum networks and repeaters, as well as sensors based on atoms inside Fabry-Pérot cavities. In this project we design and fabricate Fabry-Pérot microcavities that trap only one polarization of light. A Fabry-Pérot cavity is an optical resonator formed by two parallel mirrors or reflective surfaces. When the frequency of light matches the spacing between the mirrors, photons can enter through the mirrors and become trapped inside the cavity, which can then be used to enhance their interactions with the medium between the mirrors. Alternatively, when an atom in an excited state is placed inside the cavity, the cavity will encourage the atom to emit light that matches the cavity, which is one of the phenomena on which laser is based. In our work, the microcavity consists of two metasurfaces that act as chiral polarization-selective (dichroic) mirrors and that tightly confine one type of circularly polarized optical field in the free space between them, while remaining transparent to light of the opposite circular polarization. We propose to realize free space Fabry-Pérot cavities by fabricating reflective and focusing metasurfaces on the tips of optical fibres. Finally, this project has the potential to improve the performance and scalability of quantum information platforms that rely on cavity quantum electrodynamics, and possibly trapped ions as well, by realizing optical cavities with smaller mode volumes, compact footprint, and chirality-enhanced light-atom coupling.
Tuning Spin-Exchange Interactions in Low-Dimensional Metal Halide Perovskites: A New Class of Semiconductor Quantum Materials
Summary Leakage current in electronic components is one of the limiting factors for the performance of conventional computers which use charges and currents as physical information carriers. Spintronics offers an alternative by using electron spin for information transfer, processing and storage, enabling the design of non-volatile computer memory and more energy-efficient electronic devices. In this […]
October 1, 2019
Distributing Multimode Entanglement with Microwave Photons
Microwaves have enabled numerous classical technologies, in part because they propagate through air with little energy loss.
March 6, 2017
Engineering and Characterizing Programmable Interaction Graphs in a Trapped Ion Quantum Simulator
Summary Quantum simulators have the potential to bring unprecedented capabilities in areas such as the discovery of new materials and drugs. Engineering precise and programmable interaction graphs between qubits or spins forms the backbone of simulator applications. The trapped ion system is unique in that the interaction graph between qubits can be programmed, in […]
July 24, 2018
Combined momentum- and real-space photoelectric probes of dimensionality-tuned Weyl semimetals
Summary The library of two-dimensional (2D) materials has recently grown to include topological insulators and semimetals. Their incorporation in special device geometries may lead to novel quantum electronics with enhanced functionalities. Weyl semimetals, in particular, offer the most robust form of topological protection. Recent results from our group indicate that Weyl nodes should be […]
March 12, 2019