The library of two-dimensional (2D) materials has recently grown to include topological insulators and semimetals. Their incorporation in special device geometries may lead to novel quantum electronics with enhanced functionalities. Weyl semimetals, in particular, offer the most robust form of topological protection. Recent results from our group indicate that Weyl nodes should be observable at room temperature in thin molybdenum ditelluride (MoTe2) and are furthermore tunable by changing dimensionality. Weyl nodes correspond to points of bulk band degeneracy and are separated in momentum space. In this joint project with Dr. Andrea Damascelli’s group at the University of British Columbia (UBC), we utilize micro-angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (micro-ARPES) to image in momentum space the Weyl nodes and surface arcs of MoTe2 and further investigate changes induced by lower dimensionality. Once the Weyl nodes are mapped, we perform transport measurements and utilize scanning photocurrent microscopy to image novel photogalvanic effects induced by the Weyl points in real space. We expect this project will pave the way for future materials exploration and device development that exploits the unique properties of 2D materials through combined ARPES and nanoscale device transport studies.
Novel Infrared Camera Based on Quantum Sensors for Biomedical Applications
Summary In this project we develop a novel infrared camera with low noise and high detection efficiency for biomedical applications of optical coherence tomography (OCT) using quantum materials. OCT is a technique used to image the back of the eye and allow for the diagnosis of detrimental eye conditions, for e.g., macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy […]
March 13, 2019
Quantum Simulations of Fundamental Interactions
Summary To address questions in modern physics such as “what is the structure of matter inside neutron stars?” we need better computational methods to evaluate the interplay of fundamental forces between elementary particles. To-date the response to such questions rests on numerical computer simulations that are inherently limited. In this project, we develop new theoretical […]
April 18, 2019
Development of Terahertz Polariton Lasers
Theoretical and experimental results show that the polariton lasing mechanism is a promising basis for a compact, efficient source of terahertz radiation.
July 1, 2017
Quantum State Tomography with Machine Learning
Summary An important challenge in building a quantum computer is quantifying the level of control obtained in the preparation of a quantum state. The state of a quantum device is characterized from experimental measurements, using a procedure known as tomography. Exact tomography requires a vast amount of computer resources, making it prohibitive for quantum […]
June 6, 2018