As the demand for digital services grows, so does the need for data centres and transmission networks. Unfortunately, these data systems consume vast amounts of energy, resulting in nearly 1% of all energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. This project aims to invent novel quantum devices for highly energy-efficient computing that may help reduce the global digital carbon footprint. Tellurium (Te)-based devices will be gated through antiferroelectric (AFE) stacks to form a multi-valued-logic quantum device. A tapered Te region will be used as the active material of the developed transistors. This proposed architecture can rely on quantum tunnelling effects to minimize energy consumption per transition while circumventing the limitations of the classical field-effect transistors. The AFE layer can transform binary logic switches into ternary logic devices, allowing fewer transistors to perform the same function and reduce overall power consumption. The researchers will first develop, calibrate, and validate an AFE model and use the model to investigate the characteristics of AFE capacitors. The electronic states and materials parameters of Te will also be explored. Next, a new simulation tool will be developed to study the physics related to the proposed devices and the optimal device structure will be proposed for a prototype. The modelling results will be further validated and calibrated against experiments, allowing the device to be updated iteratively for further optimization. The quantum simulation tool and prototype ternary devices will not only help build ultra-low-power electronics for sustainable computing but will also elevate our knowledge in material science, quantum physics, and electronics.
Figure 1. (a) Tellurium crystal structure with unique helical chains for the active channel material of the device. (b) A double hysteresis loop in the polarization vs. electric field characteristic of antiferroelectric thin film for multi-valued-logic operation.
Mesoscopic systems as coherent control elements
Summary Mesoscopic systems provide a new tool for quantum systems design. In particular, they are enabling of robust quantum control. Here “mesoscopic system” refers to a connected network where each element, if studied alone, would be a quantum bit. The network is too big to be treated fully quantum mechanically. We do not have individual […]
September 1, 2016
Quantum Simulation of Strongly Coupled Field Theories
Strongly-coupled field theories describe both fundamental and applied quantum problems.
August 10, 2017
Harnessing the Promise of Quantum Materials for Future Electronic Devices
Summary Two-dimensional (2D) quantum materials, such as graphene and molybdenum disulfide, have great potential for use in future flexible and wearable electronics applications. With traditional silicon-based electronics nearing their theoretical performance limits, nano-electronics made from 2D quantum materials offer breakthrough opportunities for energy-efficient, wearable ubiquitous computation. In this project, we will study integration of […]
June 14, 2018
Tuning Spin-Exchange Interactions in Low-Dimensional Metal Halide Perovskites: A New Class of Semiconductor Quantum Materials
Summary Leakage current in electronic components is one of the limiting factors for the performance of conventional computers which use charges and currents as physical information carriers. Spintronics offers an alternative by using electron spin for information transfer, processing and storage, enabling the design of non-volatile computer memory and more energy-efficient electronic devices. In this […]
October 1, 2019