An essential aspect of a quantum channel is the detection and analysis of quantum signals in the form of photons. For most free-space applications, the photons are polarization encoded, e.g. by assigning the ‘0’ to horizontally polarized photons and ‘1’ to vertically polarized photons. However, where the geometric reference is not constant at all times – such as links to hand-held devices or aircraft – polarization encoding leads to increased error. For these situations, time-bin encoding offers a promising robust solution. In this approach, time photon represents ‘0’ or ‘1’ depending on its detection in one of two time windows. Just like in the case of polarization encoding, where a photon can be in a superposition of vertical and horizontal polarization, a time-bin encoded photon can be in a superposition of being in the first and the second time window. Additionaly, quantum signals can be relatively easily converted between being polarization and time-bin encoded.
In this project, we jointly develop a quantum receiver with short time delay and high timing resolution that is optimized to handle time-bin encoded quantum signals. By combining our team’s expertise in free-space quantum receivers with a new detector array technology developed by Dr. Serge Charlebois and Jean-Francois Pratte of the University of Sherbrooke and by introducing new capabilities for integrated free-space time-bin encoding with high timing resolution detection, we expect to achieve state-of-the-art performance for quantum signal receiver technology. Such high-speed devices will open new doors for a variety of applications including daylight and continuous variable quantum key distribution, quantum sensing, imaging and LIDAR, and fundamental science tests.
Molecular Scale Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Through its phenomenal ability to image soft tissues, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has revolutionized both clinical medicine and research biomedicine.
September 9, 2016
Developing Tools for Quantum Characterization and Validation
Summary Coherence is essential for quantum computation; yet it introduces a unique sensitivity to any imperfections in hardware design, control systems, and the operating environment. Overcoming these sensitivities requires a hierarchy of strategies, ranging from optimization of the hardware architecture to software solutions including quantum error correction. Randomized Benchmarking Protocols are an important family of […]
October 3, 2017
Implementing High-fidelity Quantum Gates in Multi-level Trapped Ions
Summary The scalability of quantum processors is limited by current error rates for single-qubit gates. By encoding more than a single bit of information within a single ion, multi-level “qudits” offer a promising method of increasing the information density within a quantum processor, and therefore minimizing the number of gates and associated error rates. […]
July 30, 2018
Using Interactive Digital Storytelling to Represent Transformative Quantum Technologies in Augmented/Extended Reality Environments
Summary A major roadblock to the broader adoption of quantum technologies is the long learning curve associated with their seemingly abstract concepts. This often renders quantum technologies inaccessible to most audiences, especially through explanations using conventional scientific language. In this project, we develop novel methods of interactive digital storytelling – augmented and extended reality (AR/XR) […]
February 24, 2021