An essential aspect of a quantum channel is the detection and analysis of quantum signals in the form of photons. For most free-space applications, the photons are polarization encoded, e.g. by assigning the ‘0’ to horizontally polarized photons and ‘1’ to vertically polarized photons. However, where the geometric reference is not constant at all times – such as links to hand-held devices or aircraft – polarization encoding leads to increased error. For these situations, time-bin encoding offers a promising robust solution. In this approach, time photon represents ‘0’ or ‘1’ depending on its detection in one of two time windows. Just like in the case of polarization encoding, where a photon can be in a superposition of vertical and horizontal polarization, a time-bin encoded photon can be in a superposition of being in the first and the second time window. Additionaly, quantum signals can be relatively easily converted between being polarization and time-bin encoded.
In this project, we jointly develop a quantum receiver with short time delay and high timing resolution that is optimized to handle time-bin encoded quantum signals. By combining our team’s expertise in free-space quantum receivers with a new detector array technology developed by Dr. Serge Charlebois and Jean-Francois Pratte of the University of Sherbrooke and by introducing new capabilities for integrated free-space time-bin encoding with high timing resolution detection, we expect to achieve state-of-the-art performance for quantum signal receiver technology. Such high-speed devices will open new doors for a variety of applications including daylight and continuous variable quantum key distribution, quantum sensing, imaging and LIDAR, and fundamental science tests.
Implementing High-fidelity Quantum Gates in Multi-level Trapped Ions
Summary The scalability of quantum processors is limited by current error rates for single-qubit gates. By encoding more than a single bit of information within a single ion, multi-level “qudits” offer a promising method of increasing the information density within a quantum processor, and therefore minimizing the number of gates and associated error rates. […]
July 30, 2018
Quantum Simulations of Fundamental Interactions
Summary To address questions in modern physics such as “what is the structure of matter inside neutron stars?” we need better computational methods to evaluate the interplay of fundamental forces between elementary particles. To-date the response to such questions rests on numerical computer simulations that are inherently limited. In this project, we develop new theoretical […]
April 18, 2019
Topological Quantum Computing on Majorana Platform
Full-scale quantum computing will require the capability for error-tolerant quantum information processing.
January 11, 2017
Photonic Quantum Processor
Photonic quantum processors based on integrated quantum photonic circuits require entangled photon pairs to perform quantum computations. However, current state-of-the-art technologies utilize probabilistic entangled photon sources with limited pair-extraction efficiencies, negatively affecting the computation speed. This project aims to boost the speed of on-chip quantum operations by using bright, on-demand entangled photon sources with an […]
April 24, 2023