Thanks to the light-induced collective oscillations of free charges at the boundary between a conducting material and a dielectric, known as surface plasmon resonance, metallic nanostructures can exhibit strong light absorption and scattering. The sensitivity of these resonances to the local environment and shape of the metallic structures allows them to be used, for example, in chemical sensing and cancer therapy. Semiconductor and metal-oxide nanoparticles expand possible wavelengths of surface plasmon resonances into the infrared spectrum and can possibly allow for coupling of the surface plasmon resonances of the nanoparticle, which are of classical nature, to the particle’s semiconductor band structure, which arises from quantum states of the charge carriers. These charge carriers are the electron-hole pairs known as excitons in the semiconductor.
We have recently developed a new method to produce doped transparent-metal-oxide plasmonic nanocrystals and used these to demonstrate for the first time a plasmon-exciton coupling in any plasmonic semiconductor system. Our goal in this project is to further explore the plasmon-exciton coupling in semiconductor and metal-oxide nanostructures and to develop methods to use this coupling for plasmon control of the quantum states of single defects and for their entanglement. We expect this will open the door for these systems to be deployed in quantum sensing and computing applications. In particular, we believe our studies will lead to the design of inexpensive and highly sensitive magneto-optical sensors for thermal imaging and molecular sensing.
On-Chip Microwave-Optical Quantum Interface
Summary In this project we develop a quantum interface between microwave and optical photons as a key enabling technology of a hybrid quantum network. In such a network, the robust optical photons carry quantum information through optical fibres over long distances, while superconducting microwave circuits protected from thermal photon noise by the low temperature […]
October 29, 2018
Quantum Sensing Applications using Quantum Communication Technology
Summary The Quantum Encryption and Science Satellite provides a platform to develop and deploy quantum sensing and metrology via photonic channels. This project will build upon ‘free-space’ quantum communication technology and explore new approaches and methods to advance two primary applications: quantum-enhanced telescopes, and spectroscopic sensing for methane detection in the atmosphere. For the […]
December 8, 2018
Extensible Technology for a Medium-Scale Superconducting Quantum Processor
Summary Superconducting quantum bits, or qubits, use circuits made from superconducting materials to harness quantum mechanical states. These devices contain many atoms, but can behave as simple, controllable qubits. We are building technologies for the control and measurement of superconducting qubits to enable the first demonstration of an extensible, medium-scale quantum processor. Our approach […]
November 28, 2016
Advanced microwave electronics enabling quantum technologies
Summary Superconducting quantum computers require quantum-limited measurements at microwave frequencies in order to implement error correction. Conventionally, this is accomplished using near quantum-limited Josephson Parametric Amplifiers (JPAs). The JPAs require bulky ferrite-based circulators that prevent on-chip integration of the amplifiers with the processor and take up the majority of space and cooling power in the […]
April 1, 2020